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圓喜藝術中心-電子報

The Storm 暴風雨

• 發表於 2012年04月號

 


原作介紹

《暴風雨》是法國學院派畫家皮耶.奧古斯都.考特重要代表作之一 ,曾完成大、中、小三種版本,大畫現典藏於紐約大都會美術館,完成於 1880 年,原為收藏家凱撒琳.渥爾夫(Catharine L. Wolfe)訂購而畫,曾參加當年的巴黎沙龍展;小畫完成時間稍晚,現為奇美所珍藏。考特師承學院派大師布葛赫Bouguereau及卡班內Cabanel),以取材古典寓意作品著稱,他甜美的畫風及寫實的描繪,在當時大受歡迎。

此作品的構圖與主題明顯受到Prud’hon普律東的影響,畫中人物對角線的構圖加強畫面的動感,戲劇性的光源則細膩地勾勒出一對走避暴風雨,奔馳於山野的年輕男女

 

主題故事

關於主題人物達菲尼斯與柯蘿葉的故事,有多種版本與說法。

在希臘神話中,達菲尼斯為信使之神麥丘里與女水神奈雅絲(Naiads)的兒子。森林之神潘恩(Pan)曾把蘆葦編製成葦笛,據說其悠揚的笛聲常在森林中迴盪著,深深地受到牧羊人、農夫與獵人們的喜愛,潘恩還曾經自傲地以葦笛來挑戰太陽神阿波羅(Apollo)的七弦琴。達菲尼斯亦相當喜愛葦笛那優美的笛聲,於是就向潘恩學習吹奏的方法,且經常跟在潘恩的身邊練習,而最後達菲尼斯不但學會了吹奏的方法,還發明了牧歌,成了牧歌的發明者。達菲尼斯後來與一位女神有了戀情,然而他最後卻背叛了這段愛情,在上天的責罰之下變成了瞎盲的人。 

然而在另一個版本中,達菲尼斯與柯蘿葉的故事與前一個說法完全不同,故事是出自一位希臘文學家隆歌斯(Longus)約在三或四世紀時的創作,故事中描述著達菲尼斯與柯蘿葉這對情侶,在經歷了許多的冒險之後,又再度結合,共同過著幸福快樂的日子。在這個故事中,達菲尼斯與柯蘿葉展開了一段牧歌式的美麗戀情,過程相當浪漫有趣。

 

參考資料:
奇美博物館
http://www.chimeimuseum.com/_chinese/01_collection/result_detail.aspx?ID=7

 

 

 

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